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SALENTO

A LAND TO DISCOVER

And if for some time the well-known artistic beauty at all, very often we tend to forget that our country can boast a natural heritage rich in rare and endemic species (ie plant species present only in a certain region).

And so, in the summer, as an alternative to the usual beach, it may be just a nice walk to discover little treasures.

Salento is also nature. The Park of Gesine and other protected areas of the coast are places of welcome for many animal species.

The Mediterranean is home to birds of rare beauty and variety of colorful insects.
A territory with so many treasures to be discovered, the mild climate, clean air, the green of vineyards and olive trees and the picturesque stone walls that make the background a picturesque natural scenery ranging from greenhouses to dramatic cliffs.

The herbaceous variety is the most widespread species erborea; is manifested in the spring and summer months, when the intense green of the wheat is covered by bright red poppies, yellow crocuses buttercups and daisies, the tree line instead, and mostly consists of expanses of olive trees, twisted trunks and large.

They grow well, also, the maritime pine along with ornamental palm tree that gives the landscape an oriental tone, the prickly pear (which grows spontaneously both inside and along the coast), pomegranates, quinces, the almond tree, the sweet figs .
During the summer, the blood color of the earth becomes the protagonist with the Mediterranean greenery. The polychrome berries then announce autumn and the following winter.

Land ownership is divided into small plots separated from the typical “dry stone walls.” Rare for ruthless hunt foxes and hares.

Many larks, magpies and swallows. Endangered owls and little owls.
bees also, a number of time were reduced.

As for the fauna of the Salento you may include numerous species of birds such as cranes, the gray heron and several species of reptiles, such as lizards and geckos, mammals, such as sea urchins and arthropods such as scorpions and tarante.

Salento offers a varied coastal landscape: the more numerous white sandy beaches on the Ionian side, give way, especially on the Adriatic, sometimes very high costs of great beauty. So the coast is carved from coastal niches, high cliffs that fall rapidly towards the bottom of the sea and prehistoric caves, the result of karst nature of the region.

It is true natural treasures, historical and unusual phenomena surveys around which bloom stories and legends.

The caves are home to many animal and plant species; the colorful damsels, spotted moray eels, schools of yellowtail and white bream. Along slopes and cliffs are colonies of sea urchins, sponges and date mussels, crabs that peek out of their holes and shrimp and octopus.

HISTORY

South Salento is rich in history and culture.

The hundreds of towers, coastal and inland, and fortified farms remain to witness the constant struggle in Salento our people engaged against the raids of invaders of all kinds and pirates who threatened her for centuries.

Almost all of the Salentine coastal towers were erected in 1500 by the Spanish. Each tower had to contain the minimum number of armed since they had no defensive duties, and this explains why most of them, a circular or square, are very small.

And it was precisely these men who, at the sight of a threat, had the task of starting inward to notify the distant centers that it was not possible to achieve with visual or audible alarm signals.

Among the most interesting we can highlight the Sabaean Tower, at Gallipoli, Torre Lapillo, Bear Tower, Torre del Fiume, Torre Vado, Torre Pali.

Other buildings very particular but without any defensive function, are scattered all over the Salento territory, surrounded by nature, do not go unnoticed, and have different names depending on the area where they are: they are “the Truddhi”, “furnieddhi them”, “trulli” them, “the spase”, “the littere” and their presence is due to the need to work and manipulate the products of the earth.

While farmers took care of the olive trees waiting for the fruits, alternately sowed wheat, barley and legumes. Important is the fig tree in summer for fresh fruit and winter thanks to the fruit dried and preserved with special techniques in “capase” (terra cotta containers). Even for this arose in the fields “furnieddhi” and the “trulli” (small houses that housed the family farmer), “the spase” and “littere” (which platforms were built to dry the figs and to work different products) .

Characteristic in our “Stone landscape” are the “Truddhi”: stone buildings unicellular, made by farmers with stones gathered on the ground. These singular dwellings, used by them as temporary or daily cover, we find them scattered, throughout the Salento territory.

RITES AND FOLK FESTIVALS

Between the communities of the South Salento, rites and traditions are imbued with meanings born from the superposition of different cultures

Salento is not only beaches, sun and sea. It is also rich in culture, art, events and entertainment.

Festivals and cultural events are concentrated in the summer to offer to those they are visiting or vacationing in our country the opportunity to spend pleasant evenings to match the baths of suns and sea of the day.

That the festival is a collective ritual that is grounded in the abundance of some of our products which, on the occasion of worldly and religious holidays, are offered at low prices.

Among the many festivals of the Salento province it should be mentioned: “te lu mieru” in Carpignano – the “Municeddha” Cannole – “te lu fish” in the port Cesario “- the” sausage “in Taurisano – the” frisella “Maglie -” taranta “in Salve etc ….

Common denominators of these festivals, in addition to food, is the wine and music and in fact it is on these occasions that you can watch the best groups of pinches of Salento. About the latter, it must-have for years been the appointments of “Notte della Taranta” between plucks and swirling dances, flow together thousands of people, attracted by the charm of the tarantula and its mysteries.

The rhythm of the tambourine bewitches and purifies the soul, in the air dance passion of the senses, the pinch is magic and power of the primordial vibration chase away evil that restless man. The music envelops the sensual movements of courtship and becomes rhythmic cadence of ancient disputes.

THE PINCH

It is a therapeutic dance that originated in the ancient rite of healing tarantate, Exorcism could in any event also take place in private, in the home, with the help of drums, violins, harmonicas and other instruments music. The patient (tarantata) danced for hours in the grip of epilepsy caused by the poison, until exhausted, stramazzava to the ground unconscious, allowing them to rest temporarily; the torment of poison was not in fact finished on time and was felt to occur next summer.

TRADITIONS OF CRAFTSMEN

Salento boasts a glorious and centuries-old tradition in the field of ‘crafts.

Beautiful things homemade resisted all ‘advent of machines and technologies and today represent a real asset for the whole peninsula.

One of the oldest arts and notes is that of papier-mâché.

Production is typically Lecce and is obviously linked to the sacred representations.

Christs, angels, saints, Madonnas and cribs, plaster coated or wax and enriched with vibrant colors are true masterpieces.

Even today, in the Salento, it has vivid memories of the most celebrated of these masters of papier mache, Pietro dei Cristi, so named precisely because of its specialization.

Other typical processes are wicker, rattan and marsh plants: even today in countries some features of the housewives and farmers are completed with the ‘help of cane baskets, straw and marine rush that serve to transport and store products of the earth, to sift, to dry the pasta homemade.

In Salento it is also booming the ‘art of fabric, lace and embroidery. Surat, also in the province of Lecce, has an ancient tradition of Saracen origin, in weaving made of wool or raw cotton.

Galatina, however should be famous for its distinctive lace nicknamed “tatting”.

Ears and shells are the favorite figure.

Maglie is a center of some importance for the embroidery.

SALENTINA KITCHEN

To understand the history and identity of a people is necessary to get closer to his kitchen.

The Salento cuisine is a simple and poor kitchen but at the same time, healthy and nutritious, its flavors are strong and often home-made, but genuine, have captured the attention of tourists.

Among the most characteristic food breaks down into “pieces”, a stew of horse meat in spicy sauce, and pitta potatoes (low pizza stuffed potato puree with onions, capers, black olives, tomatoes, and other ingredients) , ciceri and trya (a paste and chickpeas where part of the homemade pasta is fried and added to the end).

U purpu the piñata would be cooked stewed octopus and scapece (anchovies or sardines with breadcrumbs and marinade of vinegar with saffron), are examples of fish dishes, as well as the tajeḍḍa rice, potatoes and mussels.

Also typical bread with olives called puccia. As for the gastronomy “walking”, the country is made up of a thin sheet (baked) containing a mixture of mozzarella, tomato, white sauce and pepper.

Other typical food are the friseḍḍeo Lumber, of toasted bread donuts up to a consistency of great hardness, made with wheat flour or barley (recently also spelled) and cut in half cooking in a horizontal direction, which is softened by brief immersion in water and then seasoned with olive oil, salt and tomato.

A tourist attraction also act pittule, squared / spherical pancakes whose mixture can also be enriched with tomatoes and capers, anchovies, cauliflower, turnips.

Very popular is the pastry, more like that of Sicily to the Puglia, in which stand out the pasticciotto Lecce (pastry stuffed default form of custard), the fruttone (similar in shape to pasticciotto, with the difference that the top is covered in chocolate and inside there is a pastry made from almond paste with quince jam or above), the lady’s kisses, the almond (typical Easter pastry is the lamb of almond paste with the stuffing faldacchiera or perata), the spumone Salento, mustazzoli cupeta and more.

Otranto

The easternmost city in Italy for its location is also a destination for those who first want to celebrate the New Year, also called the tip Palascia to be the easternmost part, also is also archbishopric, characteristic of the white lanes but especially for its cathedral dating back to about 1000, famous for the mosaic floor and the remains of hundreds of martyrs killed by the invasion of the Turks; the Aragonese castle with towers, ramparts and walls.
Near Otranto, between the Alimini Lakes and Cape Palascìa, it is a series of caves, crypts, tombs and coves. In the Valley of the memories you can visit what remains of the abbey of Casole, the crypt of St. Nicholas and the Hypogeum of Torre Pinta.

Gallipoli
The city is divided into two areas, the village or the New Town and Old Town,connected by a stone bridge. At the entrance to the new town there is the greek-Roman fountain, considered the oldest in Italy, among the winding streets of the old town, the beauty breathes on the delicate architecture of carparo and prospects ofbaroque mansions. Dedicated to Sant’Agata, the Cathedral is the most representative monument of the Baroque Gallipoli, built with various interruptions from 1629 to 1696.
Lecce
Capital of the province, known as the “Florence of the South” for its Baroque, a veritable explosion of art and culture, rich in all churches characterized by harsh asmalleable stone, do not miss the Basilica of Santa Croce (the 1500), the Cathedral, the Roman Amphitheatre, the 4 doors of the city, which are located around the old town.Walking through the streets of the old town you can come across in the workshopswhere, among ancient tools and supplies, paper mache, ceramics is processed, thelocal stone and the bobbin.
Santa Maria di Leuca

Final leg of our pilgrims, Santa Maria de Finibus Terrae japigeo basilica dominates the promontory of Leuca, where St. Peter consecrated the pagan temple of Minerva. Guarding the territory, the count had Alessano raise the mighty Tower Coast Omo Dead.
Fascinating and mysterious, with magical caves, from west to east, embroider the ancient promontory japigeo of eclectic forms shaped by the sea. S. di Leuca M. looks beautiful and elegant, with unique villas built in classic style, Moorish, Eastern, Northern and feudal.

Torre Vado

Torre Vado fraction of Marciano di Leuca is a seaside town a few kilometers from Leuca, between Pescoluse and San Gregorio, its coastline is characterized by 90% by rocks with only a small beach.
Torre Vado is characterized by one of several of the sixteenth century watchtowers built by Charles V, like all the other towers to defend our territory Salentine from the Saracen enemy invasions. Near the tower is a port easily accessible from the sea, for its location, even in Torre Vado as other marine offers the possibility to book an excursion by boat, you can not fail to mention NEPTUNE, to observe and admire our coast, to know the history of our land, see the caves and rocky SM knowing our legends, our culture helped perhaps by small tastings offered on this.

Castro

It is a rare example of a fortified city and its castle, considered impregnable because of its natural position (built on a promontory protected on one side by the sea and on the other by a rapid ravine) and the solidity of its construction, it was cataloged in Angevin registers of 1282 as one of the most important castles of the kingdom. Today, Castro is most famous for its Marina, so that the country is practically divided between the ancient Upper Castro and Castro Marina. Castro Marina is in a panoramic position among the most beautiful in the Adriatic, its marina welcomes, especially in summer, many boats from all corners of Europe. It is famous not only for its beauty and for the reception of tourist facilities, also because of Zinzulusa Cave (north of Castro Marina), for the interest that this arouses in speologi and marine wildlife experts, for the stretch of Messapian walls, the Roman and the Byzantine crypt adjoining Cathedral, the Bishopric, the Park of the Oaks.

Torre dell'Orso

Torre dell’Orso Melendugno fraction is one of the most frequented by tourists destinations that remain struck by this lovely place.
The beach, with its swimmers, seems protected by two reefs in the old tower, which for years after completing his task of spotting enemies now seems quiet to rest and enjoy the magnificent scenery along the visitors.
In the southern part of Bear Tower you can see two big stacks where the legend of the place they call THE TWO SISTERS, two sisters who escape their everyday life they plunged from the cliff and it is said that DEI had compassion on them, transforming them in the two large stacks.

Marina di Salve

Pescoluse, Torre Pali, Lido Marini, Old Place. A symphony of colors and sea that sings and enchants those wanting a holiday in freedom. The crystal clear waters, sand dunes, fantastic sunsets. And then the surrounding countryside, with the characteristics pajare and the oregano fragrances, thyme and wild fennel. A mix of strong and intense feelings, which in this corner of Salento not end just never.

Torre Pali

Small seaside town located in southern Salento, at 16km from Santa M.d.Leuca.
Torre Pali is named after its kind tower in the mid-sixteenth century, which offers a beautiful sight for visitors who love history or for romantics who want to enjoy the sunset, when the sky and the sea turns red …. The tower is the main symbol of this fishing village.
Torre Pali offers 5 km of sandy coastline, with free or equipped beaches, where you can enjoy a peaceful vacation for those who want to relax from the hectic life of the city, but for those who want to sunbathe without standing still, our beaches offer fields beach volleyball, entertainment, horse riding etc …
Torre Pali has a small marina where you can moor your boat, or where you can rent them to admire the beautiful coast of Salento and remain struck by the clear and varied backdrop. You can also book of trips organized by the “fishing boat” (typical boat) where, if required, you can also taste our cuisine!

Pescoluse

Pescoluse is definitely the most beautiful beach in the western side of Salento. FLAG BLUE AND GREEN.
Pescoluse along with Old Place offer visitors a white beach and fine sand protected by dunes which separate it from our Salento spot, coming to Pescoluse one can not go to the beach resort “The Maldives” of Salento an oasis of relaxation and enjoyment, where if you close your eyes seem to be in some exotic place.
The Salve marine as well as beautiful beaches also offers various services, guarded parking, sun beds, umbrellas, toilets, of course, also for the disabled, it is also possible to taste and savor our typical dishes etc ..
They are places that once visited you can not help but go back and back ….

Lido Marini

From Torre Pali going to meet Gallipoli Lido Marini, half of Salve Marine and the other half of Ugento.
Along the entire stretch of coast between Torre Pali Lido Marini and over up to Torre Mozza, meet numerous shoals and shallows that if on the one hand threaten boaters on the other are the delight of divers and lovers of the seabed .
Is 28km from Gallipoli and 19km from St. M .of Leuca, in this small seaside town you can find everything from restaurants to fishmongers, where every day the fish is still alive it brings, from B & B to ice cream shops, where you can enjoy a of the most delicious ice cream …
For their positions, the marine Salve, allow you to move easily and to reach all the other wonderful and evocative places, marine and residential areas where you can admire the history and heart of Salento.